The production of spectacular Aubusson rugs that adorn a variety of interior spaces today was initiated only to serve the royals and aristocrats. These flatweave carpets date back to 16th century when weavers began to produce hand woven carpets and tapestries for the palaces, courts and elite families in France. The weave of the Aubusson rug is similar to that of Tapestry. They are both flatweaves like kilim rugs, except that Aubusson is made for the floor, using coarser stitch and mostly yarn of lower count is used to give certain thickness and heavy weight.
There is immense influence of the Italian Renaissance on Aubusson rugs. The era of developing of the art of Aubusson rugs is closely related with the Renaissance that initiated 600 miles to the east in Tuscany in Florence and Sienna. The Renaissance constituted a passion for portraying nature in a realistic manner through paintings and sculptures. In 1413, it was proven that by using geometrical methods of perspective objects could be constructed in such a way that they can render a three dimensional appeal.
They could be painted to evoke more sense of perspective to it. This was a revolutionary innovation because until this time paintings had a flat two-dimensional appearance which was not that attractive. Almost after two hundred years in the court of Louis XIV, authentic French style carpets could be found. The kings patronized talented artists and weavers to make them.
The Aubusson rug undergoes an elaborate process of weaving. They are woven sideways on a loom which can be either horizontal or vertical. Even though, the finished product and the weave will be the same on both the categories of looms. The name is derived from the place where they originated.
The town of Aubusson which is almost two hundred miles south of Paris, gave birth to these fantastic flat weaved carpets. It lies on the lap of a peaceful valley, surrounded by picturesque hills and the Creuse River made its way through it. The water of this river is particularly suitable to make the dyes more permanent which are used in the rugs. Nowadays, these handwoven flatweave carpets are tightly woven with one of the best multi-ply wool by using similar traditional techniques and style that were made in the past.
The designs of Aubusson Carpets have evolved over a span of thousands of years. As each new ruler came to power, new designs reflected the patterns and themes of the era. The design of Aubusson carpets were usually created by renowned artists of that time, which included depicting flowers and vases. As for important tapestries, the royal courts often financed the work to include drawings of biblical and historical scenes, a string of events from specific occasions, and rooms or areas where the weavers had to follow the exact design from the colored palate. Inspired by a magnificent selection of Aubusson and tapestries with antique designs, the contemporized rugs are made by keeping the designs, sizes and colur combinations in sync to suit modern interiors.