Kazak rugs are synonymous to sophistication, subtlety, luxury, prestige, positive charm and comfort. It automatically adds class to a room where it is placed. Originally woven with strands of silver and gold, Kazak rugs were status symbols and statement pieces in ancient times. They were placed in grand churches, palatial buildings and within homes of wealthy people. They were not only purchased as floor coverings but they often hung as wall hangings and placed on the throne or just below the seat of the royals to rest their feet over it.
Kazak rugs are famous world wide for their splendid appearance, pleasurable aesthetic, long lasting nature and heavily saturated color tones from natural dyes and have long been praised for their rugged authenticity. Other styles consist of the Shirvan, Nahavand, and Hamadan. During the late nineties, Afghan refugees fled the Taliban regime and settled in Pakistan. This transportation revived a flourishing weaving tradition within the region where they settled down. Thus the rugs were induced with traditional Kazak or Caucasian motifs. The shades and designs evolved as new materials and resources became available.
Before moving to Pakistan, Afghan weavers only could get their hands on limited shades like black, white, grey and deep red dyes. Later on, dyes like deep indigo blues, jewel-toned teals, ivories, and the classic rusty reds were used in the Kazak rugs. The Afghan weavers were inspired by Pakistani design and that the new dyes were the most easily obtainable. These rich colors are now the staple pieces in the contemporary versions of Kazak Rugs. Dyes which are naturally extracted from vegetables were used during ancient time period but in the early 21st century many weavers switched to synthetic dyes. Many reasons influenced this change but the most common reasons are highly increased demands and the long lasting nature.
Kazak rugs constitute of distinguishing design patterns or motifs with geometric designs and tribal traits such as medallions, polygons, diamonds, rosettes and crosses. It represents flora, fauna and humans. A close look at these rugs will make you notice only straight lines. This is only due to the hand-knotted technique used to create the rugs. Kazak rugs in particular are known for their high knot density. The higher the knot density, more intricate, sharp and distinctive the design is.
While certain methods and elements have undergone evolution, it’s safe to say that Kazak rugs have remain unchanged for centuries. The eye catching designs and vibrant shades and color pallet combined with their tenacity and premium quality make Kazak rugs the perfect home décor product for any home.