The sceneries of chilly winters, cold oceans and snow-capped mountains will strike our minds just when someone comes across Scandinavia or anything related to it. Scandinavia is home to some of the finest rugs and tapestries ever made. After all, what else can one expect from a freezing cold region. It is the basic necessity there which gave rise to the innovative creativity. The designs and patterns are nothing less than a marvelous piece of art.
Initially, Scandinavian rugs were woven in solid shades like black, white, grey and yellow but with the passage of time, geometry and florals invaded. Mostly used nobility as bedding and to showcase their worth, Rya Swedish rugs were exhibited as tapestries belonging to family heirlooms. Rya rugs derive its name from a town in southwest Sweden and have its origin in 16th centurion the countries of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark. Scandinavian design rollakan rugs are at type of folk weaving which includes flat woven kilim tapestry rugs.
Initially utilitarian and made in muted solid colors – often blacks, grays, whites and yellows – Scandinavian rugs would later feature geometric constructions and floral motifs inspired by the beauty of Oriental rugs. The tree of life motif, floral patterns with tulips as the main focus and depictions of birds and animals were introduced in mid 17th century into these rugs, thus adding enormous appeal and a fresh beauty to cultural and traditional pieces. Primarily rugs were used as cloaks and blankets, but later on it served both utilitarian as well as functional purposes.
Ryas were integral part of ancient Scandinavian weddings in which the couple’s initials, the date they got married, hearts and figures of bride and the groom were incorporated into the designs of these wedding rugs. After 18th century, Ryas became an important part of local folk culture which was long occupied by the flat woven rugs called Rollakans.
Scandinavia takes pride both on ancient historical saga of weaving as well as a prospering modernized rug industry. An important part of this culture, which gave rise to the long-ships and complicated social habits of the Vikings, was the art of weaving. The most intriguing trait about Scandinavian rugs is their unique development which is influenced by folk art. Scandinavian people wove rugs out of basic needs. The freezing temperature has always made the place urge the necessity of rugs.
The Scandinavian weaving artisans began to produce rugs from 16th century, that were distinctly Scandinavian – Ryas and Rollakans. These styles are unique for several reasons. They depict Scandinavian culture in their overall visuals. While these rugs were mainly made in muted, solid colors they would soon go on to add patterns and design elements that were associated and important to their actual weavers.
Ryas and Rollakans are identifiable for their evolution from purely utilitarian to piece of art being woven only for decorative purposes. This reflects the growth of weaving in other cultures across the world and mostly in Morocco. These rugs, even to this day, perfectly adorn an interior space and accentuates its beauty with compromising on the real character or theme of the space.