Kilim rugs are a spectacular creation of the nomadic tribes that hail from the regions of Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey and other oriental countries in Asia as well as Central Europe and north of Africa. The most integral facts about kilim rug is that it is flat, hand-woven and it has no pile. The top surface of the rug is not soft like a silk or wool rug.
As Kilim rugs were handcrafted by nomadic tribes, they had many functions. For example, they were a great source of protection from the chilling weather and the cold ground. They are light weighted as they are flat-woven. Therefore, they are easy to wrap and fold which is meant for convenient packaging. This also explains why kilim rugs were made by tribes who loved to travel.
The Kilims are flat-woven rugs without any pile which are constructed in a specific way. This is obtained by weaving the threads in a crosswise method. The weft goes under and over the warp. The weft is of cotton or wool whereas the Warp material is mostly made of wool. Sometimes two or more segments of a kilim are weaved together and its undistinguishable as the design conceals the stitching of the different segments. The design originally consists of a border pattern that runs along the sides of the kilim. At times, one side of the kilim has fringes and the other can have a woven edge. Colored yarns are woven in the basket like manner which allows you to flip a Kilim on both sides and hard to say which side is top or bottom. Natural dye was used as a source of coloring the yarns. The artisanal community of kilim rugs is highly women centric.
Kilims are recognizable from other rugs because of their rectilinear designs and patterns. Heterogeneous colors and asymmetrical designs are common in these rugs. They portray the authenticity and originality of weavers. They essentially showcase the weaver’s rich heritage. The small images of Sheppard’s, camels or sheep reflects the environment of the weavers. Each region will have its own signature design. Kilims from Persia will differ from those from Turkey and Afghanistan.
Kilim rugs are now renowned world wide. Adhering to their tribal history and design, they render positive bohemian vibes. They are versatile in an outstanding way. You can use a small kilim and use it as a throw over a chair or sofa. In Iran, they make pillows out of kilims which also serves the purpose of wall hangings and décor. In comparison to other rugs, they are less expensive and don’t feel heavy on pockets. It is also important to note that genuine kilims are oriental rugs since they manufactured in oriental countries. Due to their popularized design and high market demands, brands have started using the tribal motifs in their machine-made rugs. The kilims faced huge evolution due to dynamic change in customer preferences. Now, one can customize it with modern motifs or colors of light shades.