Bob Jones University Apologizes because of its Racist Past
Bob Jones University, the Bible university in Greenville, sc, would not admit black colored students until the 1970s. Then, for a period that is 30-year interracial relationship ended up being forbidden. Now the college has established that its polices had been incorrect.
Missing in the dazzling news reports of this election of the black colored guy as president of this united states of america is yet another event вЂ” this time around in advanced schooling вЂ” that appears as a milestone in racial progress. Within an statement that is eloquent Stephen Jones, great-grandson regarding the creator and also the 4th president of Bob Jones University, has apologized for the institutionвЂ™s racist past.
President Jones claimed, вЂњFor nearly two hundreds of years Christianity that is american BJU with its first stages, ended up being seen as an the segregationist ethos of US tradition. Consequently, for much too long, we permitted institutional policies race that is regarding be shaped more straight by that ethos than because of the maxims and precepts for the Scriptures. We conformed towards the tradition as opposed to give an obvious christian counterpoint to it.
вЂњby doing this, we did not accurately express the father also to match the commandment to love other people as ourselves. For those problems our company is profoundly sorry. Though no understood antagonism toward minorities or expressions of racism for a individual degree have actually ever been tolerated on our campus, we permitted institutional policies to remain in position which were racially hurtful.вЂќ
By means of back ground to the announcement that is remarkable review the racial reputation for Bob Jones University.
The founder that is universityвЂ™s Bob Jones, had been a fundamentalist evangelist whom thought that the idea of development had been an abomination. He called the pope the anti-Christ and dismissed Catholicism as a вЂњSatanic counterfeit.вЂќ He as soon as said, вЂњI would personally instead experience a saloon on every corner than the usual Catholic into the White House.вЂќ
Jones Sr. was of this view that twentieth-century blacks must certanly be grateful to whites for bringing their ancestors for this nation as slaves. If this hadn’t occurred, Jones composed in 1960, вЂњthey might remain over here when you look at the jungles of Africa, unconverted.вЂќ Integrationists, in accordance with Jones, had been wrongfully wanting to eliminate normal boundaries that God himself had founded.
With the aid of rich supporters, Bob Jones founded an university near Panama City, Florida, in 1926. Bibb Graves, that has simply been elected governor of Alabama with all the formal backing for the Ku Klux Klan, provided the keynote target during the groundbreaking ceremony. Whenever classes started in 1927, admission of pupils had been formally limited to people in the white battle, a policy that persisted until 1971.
Experiencing Depression-related difficulties that are financial 1933, Bob Jones had been forced to offer the Florida land and go their college to Cleveland, Tennessee. In 1936 A billy that is young graham the brand new Bob Jones university in Tennessee. But he quickly became disenchanted featuring its strict spiritual doctrine and social policies and utilized in Florida Bible Institute. In 1947 Bob Jones university moved yet again, this time around to its site that is present in, sc. Now financially appear, the faculty begun to provide masterвЂ™s and doctoral levels and assumed the designation of the college.
Whenever Bob Jones Jr., the son associated with creator, became the institutionвЂ™s president, he continued the institutionвЂ™s policies of rabid bigotry. During their tenure he bestowed degrees that are honorary George Wallace, Strom Thurmond, and Lester Maddox. Whenever Pope Paul VI passed away in 1978, Bob Jones Jr. called him the вЂњarchpriest of Satan, a deceiver, and then he has, like Judas, attended their place this is certainly very own.
Whenever Bob Jones III assumed the presidency associated with organization in 1971, male pupils had been necessary to wear coats and ties to classes. Females were obliged to wear dresses or skirts. Rock music ended up being forbidden on campus. Pupils had been forbidden from going to movies. Students are not allowed to take off-campus times without having a chaperone. On campus, the university maintained two вЂњdating parlorsвЂќ where pupils could satisfy to talk. Touching had not been kissing and allowed had been strictly forbidden just because the few ended up being involved to be hitched. Male and students that are female maybe maybe maybe not allowed to talk with one another after 7 p.m. The campus ended up being divided through the town of Greenville by the iron and barbed-wire fence.
Under authorities pressure, Bob Jones University finally exposed its doorways to unmarried black colored pupils. But strict laws had been founded by the college to avoid interracial relationship. The policy on interracial dating resulted in the Internal Revenue ServiceвЂ™s revoking the tax-exempt status of Bob Jones University retroactive to 1970 in 1976, during the administration of Gerald Ford. The IRS demanded the repayment of $490,000 in straight straight straight back taxes. The college appealed the ruling. Sooner or later, in 1981, the Supreme Court associated with the case was heard by the United States. The latest Reagan management initially supported the career for the university but, after a general public outcry, switched edges. In 1983 the Supreme Court ruled against Bob Jones University in support of the IRS with a vote of 8 to at least one. The dissenter that is lone belated Chief Justice regarding the united states of america William Rehnquist.* On being encouraged associated with the choice regarding the Court, Bob Jones III ordered that the US flags on campus be flown at half-staff.
In 1998 Jonathan Pait, a pr spokesman when it comes to college, explained the schoolвЂ™s prohibition against interracial dating: вЂњGod has divided people for his or her own purposes. He’s got barriers that are erected the nations, not merely land and ocean obstacles, but additionally cultural, social, and language barriers. God has made individuals distinctive from each other and intends those distinctions to keep. Bob Jones University is in opposition to intermarriage of this races given that it stops working the barriers Jesus has built.вЂќ
In 2000 the college finished its official prohibition against interracial relationship. Now eight years later on, the college has admitted that its policies had been incorrect.
This modification of heart at Bob Jones University comes in the heels of current very good news about black colored enrollments in the nationвЂ™s other Bible universities. JBHEвЂ™s database indicates that in 1997 there have been just nine Bible colleges where blacks made 10 % or even more of total enrollments. Today you can find 29 such schools.
*William Rehnquist had a history that is long of to the development of blacks. He opposed the 1954 Supreme Court choice in Brown v. Board of Education so when a young gop pollwatcher in Arizona, Rehnquist ended up being active in challenging black votersвЂ™ skills.
For lots more from the racism of Rehnquist, see вЂњThe Racial Views of this Chief Justice for the united states of america,вЂќ JBHE, quantity 23, Spring 1999, p. 72.